QUESTIONS OF THE THEORY OF RELIGION IN THE WORKS OF MYROSLAV POPOVICH OF THE SOVIET PERIOD
Keywords:Myroslav Popovich, religion, theory of religion, rationalism, religious ideology, religious thinking, religious and mythological worldview, paganism
Based on the works of the Ukrainian philosopher Myroslav Popovich, dating back to the Soviet period, an analysis of some aspects of his theory of religion is proposed. In particular, the theory of religion as used by M. Popovich is subject to reconstruction, his perception of religion primarily as a special form of understanding (its analogues: "fideistic rationalism" and "religious thinking"). Special attention is paid to the development of questions of understanding of religious ideology and its correlation with science.
In the context of M. Popovich's solution to the problem of the structure of religion, it is remarkable that he singled out the mythological component as the determining one. The mythological component is revealed in its essential characteristics and its semantic diversity. The subject of analysis is also the semantics of the word "paganism" and its perception by M. Popovich as a worldview system. In particular, the two methodological guidelines proposed by him in the study of Slavic paganism are considered. First, we are talking about the reconstruction of the common Slavic confessional material and its further extrapolation to the whole of Slavia. Secondly, the structuralist explanation of the essence of the Slavic myths, including the "basic myth" (the fight of the thunderer with the serpent), is stated.
It is generalized that M. Popovich treated religion as a consistent rationalist. Certain innovations proposed by him in the study of religion were at odds with the guidelines of the then religious science
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